Autobiographical Memory and the Construction of A Narrative Self: Developmental and Cultural Perspec


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There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. This book is not only a good read, it is helpful for anyone working on a qualitative study involving narrative identity. One person found this helpful. Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers. Learn more about Amazon Giveaway. Developmental and Cultural Perspectives. Set up a giveaway. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations.

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East Dane Designer Men's Fashion. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. One cannot become a 'self' alone, and thus the audience is vital to the creation of self through the positioning and arranging of past and current selves. The narrative constructs of a story can also depend on its plot. For example, the emotionality of a plot affects the characteristics of a story.

In one study, adolescents each recounted three self-defining narratives. Narrative themes can also depend on the event type. Different event types have varying levels of tension, and researchers posit that tension level is associated with narrative construct scores.

Narrative identity

For example, a mortality or life-threatening event would have a higher tension level than a leisure i. Mortality narratives also receive higher meaning making scores than leisure narratives. Achievement and relationship narratives also have varying meaning making scores. The use of narrative constructs is associated with well-being: For example, high school seniors who were able to find a positive outcome from a negative adolescent experience redemption had higher levels of well-being than students who could not find a silver lining. Much of the research on narrative constructs has not established causation: Also, researchers do not know whether tension in a narrative causes meaning making, or whether meaning making leads to tension.

Psychologists will need to determine causation before these findings can be practically implemented, such as in psychotherapy. The formation and organization of memories is the central mechanism through which narrative identity is constructed. The life story allows individuals to organize recollective memories and more abstract knowledge of their past into a coherent biographical view.

Just as autobiographical memories influence personal narratives, these narratives also influence memories - For instance, narrative expression is critical for the development of a sense of agency in autobiographical memories. The opportunity to tell stories about their lives can help autobiographical narrators establish a coherent sense of who they are.

Personal narrative is a powerful tool for creating, negotiating and displaying the moral standing of the self. The self has to be related to something, in this case an audience, but must also be related properly. Personal experience narrative culminates the discontinuity between inner experience and the portrayed self. The often hidden purpose of narratives as a social process is to show that the narrator knows what the norms are and agree with them, or depending on the audience, disagree with them. The very act of narrating creates the occasion for self-regard and editing.

This necessarily creates a distinction between the narrator and the protagonist of the narrative, and interposes a distance between them. Consequently, the narrator can observe, reflect, adjust the amount of distance, and correct the self that is being created. Narrative identity is mainly concerned with autobiographical memories and often are influenced by the meaning and emotions the individual has assigned to that event. These memories perform a self-representative function by using personal memories to create and maintain a coherent self-identity, or narrative identity, over time.

Autobiographical memories that have to do with important goals within a certain period of life and correspond with the concerns of the present self have been termed "self-defining memories", [64] and are especially important in narrative identity formation. When these memories contain recurring emotion-outcome sequences see: Beyond the content of people's stories, the storytelling process is essential to understanding narrative identity.

Richard Bauman states that different forms of conversational genres personal experience narrative, tall tale, practical joke , interrelatedly, add texture and flavor to one's life.

The formats of the stories that we tell reveal truths about our own personal identity. Bluck has conceptualized several reasons people tell narratives. One reason is for directive purposes, which involves transmitting information regarding the future. Additionally, stories are told for social reasons , in particular communication, persuasion, and entertainment purposes.

Finally, narrators can benefit by expressing themselves , in addition to giving life purpose and meaning. Listeners also possess power over the process of storytelling, and therefore the outcome of narrative identity. For instance, listener attentiveness elicits from the narrator more coherent stories, punchy endings, dynamic arcs over the course of the story, and overall, more specific and engaging stories. For example, contamination sequences in bereavement narratives tend to elicit sympathy, while redemption sequences make the listener feel more comfortable and accepting of the narrator.

Storytelling patterns may also impact an individual's narrative identity. Researchers focus on the storytelling process participants use in order to code the content the participants are showing.

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The constructs mentioned above can vary in a narrative depending on the characteristics of the narrator and the circumstances of the story. If narratives are a critical link between memory and self, then it becomes apparent that the roles of language and social interaction are paramount. Write a customer review. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. For example, narratives have been used to understand the conversion experience among prisoners. The development of life story narratives in adolescence is facilitated by co-constructed reminiscing, in which caregivers use discussion, comparison, and analysis of inner motivation to guide reflection about past events and create narratives that explain situations and behavior.

If a participant explains he or she participated in a sport not because he particularly liked it but because he could win, researchers would say he is using performance content to narrate his life. The concept of narrative identity, and its associated research techniques have been applied in a wide variety of fields. Below are just a few examples:. Narrative identity has been studied as it impacts the lives of lesbian and gay individuals.

Specifically, the concept of master narratives story scripts common within a cultural context has been investigated in this domain. Studies have found that gay identity is often shaped by master narratives of gay identity in American culture, which have evolved over recent history. One of the foundational papers asserts that a study of gay identity must take into account cultural and historical factors. The paper demonstrates that gay-identified individuals must navigate through a world where master narratives exclude their desires and experiences.

Empirical research has demonstrated that narrative identity changes over the course of psychotherapy. This change has been associated with improvements in clients' mental health. A prospective longitudinal study tracked clients' narrative identity from before they began treatment through the early phase of psychotherapy. This increase in the theme of agency was associated with improvements in psychological health. Analyses revealed that changes in clients' stories occurred before changes in their psychological health. This finding suggests that narrative change may precede changes in mental health.

Studies have demonstrated that patients with schizophrenia develop more complex and dynamic narratives, but that the content of the narratives do not change a great deal over the course of treatment. Narrative identity has been explored in the stories of incarcerated individuals. For example, narratives have been used to understand the conversion experience among prisoners. They have also been able to exert control over their seemingly uncontrollable life while in prison.

Narratives have also been used to study the conversion stories of incarcerated women. For these women, imprisonment causes dissonance between a conflict-self and a respectable identity. Conversion narratives help free women to reclaim their identities and sense of self-worth. Medical practice that embraces the importance of stories exchanged in the medical context has been termed "narrative medicine".

Some of these relationships include those between the physician and patient, physician and self, physician and colleagues, and physician and society. This form of practice allows patients to overcome their loss of identity and benefit their recovery process. When assessing an athlete it is beneficial to understand how one describe his or her life since it can determine how mentally healthy he or she is.

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If there is a strong athletic identity, like the performance narrative, sometimes severe psychological problems can form when the athlete is in a slump or injured. One can reach the elite level of athletes without only focusing on the performance script. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Review of General Psychology. Growth memories in the lives of mature, happy people". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Regret, happiness, and maturity". Journal of Research in Personality. Personality and Social Psychological Review.

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Pathways of personality development and positive self-transformation in adulthood". Motives that shape autobiographical narratives". Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. The construction of confidence". The health benefits of narrative". Journal of Social and Personal Relationships. Aging and Mental Health.

The emergence of the life story in adolescence". Identity statuses and meaning making in the turning point narratives of emerging adults". A social-cognitive analysis of life review". Personality and Social Psychology Review. A conceptual model of the social function of autobiographical memory". Feeling good about achievement success, feeling bad about relationship distress". The cultural politics of self-understanding.